Compare workers’ comp rates by state

Brought to you by Insureon Small Business Blog: Risk management insights and more for your business.
The cost of your business's workers' compensation insurance varies state by state.
A colorful and stylized map of the United States.

Whether your business is large or small, workers’ compensation insurance provides important protections for your employees and your business. However, the cost of workers’ compensation will vary depending on several factors – including the state where you do business.

Continue reading to learn more about states with high and low rates for workers’ comp, how those rates are calculated, and steps employers can take to keep costs down.

You can also start a free online application to compare specific quotes for your business and location with Insureon.

How are workers’ comp rates determined?

Every state has its own requirements for workers’ compensation, and each state has a rating bureau that sets the baseline cost (or rate) used in calculating how much you’ll pay in insurance premiums. In general, a state’s rates are based on a combination of the following:

  • Business risks
  • Benefit levels
  • State-specific regulations
  • Healthcare costs

While some states have established their own rating bureaus, most rely on the National Council on Compensation Insurance. NCCI is a private company that gathers workers’ comp data, analyzes trends, and makes rate recommendations to states.

In most states, you have the option to compare quotes with private insurance carriers or a state workers' comp fund. However, North Dakota, Wyoming, Ohio, and Washington only allow businesses to purchase a policy through a workers’ compensation state fund.

What states have the lowest (and highest) workers’ compensation costs for employers?

The National Academy of Social Insurance recently published a study that compares employer workers’ compensation costs by state in 2018 (the most recent year with available data).

The methods used for estimating employer costs vary based on whether insurance is provided by a private carrier or state fund, and several factors are used to calculate costs by state. These include:

  • Total premiums and deductibles paid to private insurers or state funds
  • Benefits paid by employers
  • Payments to special funds such as second injury funds
  • Employers’ administrative costs

The report shows a downward trend in employers’ overall workers’ comp costs. The costs per $100 in covered wages declined in 50 of 51 jurisdictions, compared to decreases for 45 states in last year’s report and 39 in the year’s prior.

The lowest workers' comp costs by state jurisdiction are:

  • District of Columbia: $0.51
  • Texas: $0.55
  • Ohio: $0.64
  • Arkansas: $0.70
  • Indiana: $0.70
  • Michigan: $0.70

The highest workers' comp rates by state jurisdiction are:

  • Alaska: $2.25
  • Montana: $1.84
  • California: $1.70
  • Hawaii: $1.67
  • South Carolina: $1.66
  • Idaho: $1.64

Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia, only Alaska has a rate over $2 per $100 in employee wages.

State workers' compensation employers' costs per $100 of covered wages, by state.

What factors impact a state’s workers’ comp costs?

A state’s mix of industry risk as well as changes in state workers’ compensation laws that affect covered benefits or medical costs can cause a state’s employer costs to rise or fall. Negotiations between legislators, business lobbies, insurance companies, and unions on workers’ compensation benefits can also impact costs.

For example, in 2013 North Dakota made significant changes to their workers’ comp laws, including tightened restrictions on benefits. As a result, the state’s employer costs declined about 25% from 2014 to 2018.

While employer costs vary widely among states, this doesn’t mean that a state with lower employer costs will offer a more favorable climate for your business. A state’s costs depend on a number of considerations, including the mix of high-risk and low-risk industries.

For example, Alaska’s top industries include oil and gas, construction, and fishing. These high-risk professions mean higher overall employer costs – but it doesn’t mean that a low-risk business like an accounting firm would pay more for workers’ comp coverage in Alaska than another state.

Which region has the lowest workers' comp costs?

Each region of the United States has states with low and high costs. For example, although California has one of the highest rates for workers’ compensation insurance at $1.70 per $100 in employee wages, the states that border it (Arizona, Nevada, and Oregon) all have costs at $1.00 or less.

Although each state’s specific formula for determining workers’ comp rates may be a little different, they follow the same general guidelines.

How can you estimate your workers’ comp costs?

Workers’ compensation insurance is required for most businesses in most states, so it’s an expense that must be calculated into your budget if you have employees. Timing is also important when buying worker’s comp coverage.

Most states re-evaluate workers’ compensation rates on an annual basis. Although each state’s specific formula for determining workers’ comp rates may be a little different, they follow the same general guidelines.

For business owners, the amount you will pay in workers' compensation premiums depends on:

  • Your payroll. If your business operates in multiple states, it would depend on the number of people you employ who work in each state.
  • Claims history. Insurance rates for almost any insurance policy depend, in part, on past workers’ compensation claims – the type, amount, and frequency of losses.
  • Worker classification codes. The level of risk associated with your business will also play a role in determining your workers’ comp rates. Class codes categorize every business and job type by level of risk, and your small business may have a range of worker classifications.

Review requirements and rates for workers’ compensation insurance in your state, or speak with one of our expert insurance agents who are licensed nationwide and happy to answer your questions.

Compare workers' comp insurance quotes for your small business

How can you keep your workers’ comp costs down?

While you can’t control the level of risk in your industry, there are steps you can take to help lower your workers’ compensation costs.

Reduce workers’ comp injury risks at your business

These workplace safety tips can help reduce the frequency and severity of workers’ compensation injuries at your small business:

  • Train workers on safety protocols, such as proper lifting techniques and use of equipment.
  • Provide employees with appropriate personal protective equipment, such as masks, gloves, safety goggles, or hard hats.
  • Take steps to reduce injury risks for remote workers by educating them on how to set up a hazard-free workspace.
  • Eliminate loose cords and other tripping hazards in walkways.
  • Post signs and labels to identify any temporary or permanent hazards, like wet floors or dangerous chemicals.
  • Require employees to secure tools and equipment not in use.
  • Regularly inspect and maintain tools and machinery.

Establish a return-to-work program for injured workers

If one of your employees suffers a workers’ comp injury, a return-to-work program can help speed their recovery and get them back on the job faster.

Instead of waiting until an employee is recovered enough to resume all of their full-time job duties, a return-to-work program that allows them to perform light or modified work can ease them back in slowly.

These programs may also include retraining employees on a different skillset so they can earn their full pre-injury pay, instead of the partial wages paid under workers’ comp.

When employees come back to work sooner, you save money on wages paid to any temporary employees you had to hire while your injured worker was recovering.

Complete Insureon’s easy online application today to compare quotes for business insurance from top-rated U.S. carriers. Once you find the right workers’ compensation policy for your small business, you can begin coverage in less than 24 hours.

Save money by comparing insurance quotes from multiple carriers
What kind of work do you do?