Businesses in New Mexico that experience a breach of security must notify all affected individuals no later than 45 days after discovery of the breach.
A data breach is the unauthorized access or release of someone's personally identifiable information (PII), which is any data that could reveal an individual's identity.
Data breaches can happen if an employee clicks on a link in a phishing email, if a laptop or thumb drive is stolen, or if hackers break into a computer network. Accidental security breaches are another cause, such as misconfigured software that leaves data unprotected.
Every small business that handles credit cards or stores customer information is vulnerable to data breaches. IT consultants, healthcare providers, and financial institutions are among the industries with the highest risk.
New Mexico state law [PDF] defines personal information as knowing an individual's first name or first initial and last name in combination with one or more of the following data elements:
Any business that handles PII should invest in cyber liability insurance to mitigate costs in the event of a data breach.
Businesses must report a breach to affected residents "in the most expedient time possible, but not later than 45 calendar days following discovery of the security breach."
New Mexico’s data breach notification act outlines when and how businesses need to respond to a security breach. Breaches of security must be reported when they are believed to have compromised the personal information of residents and there is a risk of harm.
Businesses must report a breach to affected residents "in the most expedient time possible, but not later than 45 calendar days following discovery of the security breach." Delays may be permitted only when notification would interfere with a law enforcement agency's criminal investigation.
If more than 1,000 New Mexico residents require notification, the business must also notify the New Mexico Attorney General and the major consumer reporting agencies (TransUnion, Equifax, etc.).
Permitted methods include written notice and electronic notice. A substitute notice is allowed when notification costs would exceed $100,000, over 50,000 people were affected, or if the business doesn't have sufficient contact information. The substitute notice should consist of emails, a conspicuous posting on the business's website, and notification of the state Attorney General and major statewide media.
Data breach notices sent to New Mexico residents must include:
The New Mexico Attorney General must be notified of the number of residents that received data breach notifications, and sent a copy of the notification given to affected residents.
Data breaches that impact healthcare facilities and healthcare professionals are regulated by federal laws. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) includes a Breach Notification Rule that requires notification after a breach of unsecured protected health information. Businesses must notify:
Under HIPAA, individuals must be notified by first-class mail, or by email if they've agreed to electronic communication, within 60 days of the discovery of a breach. However, in New Mexico, businesses must comply with the state's shorter timeframe of 45 calendar days.
The cost of a data breach can be significant, which is why cyber liability insurance is so important for businesses that handle personal data.
Notifying those affected and paying for credit monitoring can be expensive. You’ll have to investigate and fix your security weaknesses while suffering a possible loss of income, and government fines can also be costly. You might even face a ransomware attack, where hackers shut down your computer systems and demand payment.
Small businesses most often need first-party cyber liability insurance. Also called data breach insurance, this policy provides financial protection against data breaches at your business.
You can often add this coverage to your general liability insurance or business owner’s policy (BOP), which combines general liability coverage with commercial property insurance at a discount.
If you're responsible for another company's data security, then you may need third-party cyber liability insurance. This policy covers legal expenses when a client blames your business for failing to prevent a data breach at their company.
Because most tech businesses need this coverage, it's usually included with their errors and omissions insurance (E&O) in a bundle called tech E&O.
E&O insurance, also called professional liability insurance, covers your legal costs in the event that a client sues you for making a mistake or failing to deliver on a contract. Tech E&O extends that coverage to include lawsuits related to data breaches and cyberattacks.
While any business could be at risk of a lawsuit after a data breach, this coverage is especially important for information technology businesses, especially IT consultants, network security companies, and cybersecurity businesses that recommend software or are responsible for information security.
Cyber liability insurance can be an affordable option for small businesses looking for data breach protection. Several factors affect the cost of a cyber liability policy, including:
All of these factors will be instrumental in determining how much cyber liability insurance your small business needs.
A violation of New Mexico's data breach notification law could result in an injunction or damages for actual costs or losses, including consequential losses. The Attorney General may bring action in the name of the state for failure to adhere to this law.
Any knowing or reckless violations may be subject to additional penalties up to $25,000, or $10 per failed notification, up to $150,000.
For businesses that store data, it's crucial to take appropriate steps to prevent data breaches.
Businesses are advised to safeguard PII through a variety of security measures, such as designating one or more employees to coordinate a security program. It’s a good idea to conduct an audit of the personal information and unique identifiers you store in your data systems.
Strong passwords, security questions, two-step authentication, and access codes can provide reasonable data protection for your business, reducing the chance of an unauthorized acquisition of electronic files.
Complete Insureon’s easy online application today to compare insurance quotes from top-rated insurance carriers for cyber policies. Our licensed agents will help you find coverage that fulfills New Mexico's insurance requirements and protects your business. Once you find the right policy for your small business, you can begin coverage in less than 24 hours.