A Small Business Guide to Errors and Omissions

Chapter 3: Potential Outcomes in Errors and Omissions Lawsuits
Part 1: Settlements vs. Judgments: What's the Difference?

As we've mentioned in previous chapters, an Errors and Omissions suit can progress in three ways:

  • The case is dropped or dismissed.
  • The case is settled out of court.
  • A judge or jury makes a decision on the case.

If the lawsuit is dropped, you will only be responsible for paying your attorney's fees. The other two options are significantly more expensive and will lead to you paying either a settlement or judgment.

If you've never been sued before, the terms "settlement" and "judgment" may just seem like legalese that essentially means "money you have to pay someone else." But that's not all there is to these two words.

What Is an E&O Settlement?

Before an E&O claim goes to court, you and the plaintiff can decide to resolve the issue. This option is called a "settlement," which means you will pay a certain amount of money to the injured party if they agree to end the case.

Typically, settlements are less expensive than letting the case go to trial. However, even if the suit goes to court, you and the plaintiff can decide to settle at any point.

If you don't have Errors and Omissions Insurance and you have to account for settlement costs yourself, you may be able to work out a structured settlement. This happens when the plaintiff settles the case for a large sum of money and your attorney strikes a deal that allows you to pay the amount in installments over time.

You and the other party can choose the payment schedule. For example, you and the plaintiff may decide on annual installments, which means you'll pay a lump sum each year until the settlement is paid off.

What Is an E&O Judgment?

If an errors and omissions lawsuit doesn't settle, it will be tried in court (assuming it has legal merit). Because these lawsuits are civil torts, your punishment — if any — will be monetary. The court will decide whether or not your business is liable for a third party's financial losses.

If your business is liable, the court's next decision will be how much money you owe the other party to make them "whole."

This decision is called a "judgment" (or "verdict"). Usually, you'll hear the word in a sentence such as "The court awarded a judgment for the plaintiff in the amount of $20,000." When you have E&O Insurance, your insurer pays this debt for you (up to your policy's stated limits).

If you fail to voluntarily pay the judgment, the plaintiff can file a judgment lien against your business to ensure you pay what is owed. A judgment lien attaches to your property and assets until your debt is satisfied.

Ways to Remove a Judgment Lien

To have a judgment lien removed from your property, you can…

  1. Pay off the debt. If you pay off the judgment that you owe, the creditor (i.e., the winning party that you owe money to) will file for the release of the lien. Once the lien is removed, you can do whatever you want with your property (such as sell, trade, or transfer it).
  2. Claim the property with the lien as exempt. Depending on your state laws, you may be able to claim certain property as exempt from collection. The court will decide whether the property qualifies for this classification.
  3. File for bankruptcy. This option should only be exercised as an absolute last resort. Filing bankruptcy will destroy your credit (and possibly shut down your business for good), but it will also fast track your request to remove the lien.

Next: Part 2: How Small Businesses Can Avoid Going to Court